- The established parties are foreseen to perform poorly in the Dutch election
- Right-wing party PVV by Geert Wilders could become largest in parliament
- Established parties ruled out to govern with PVV
- Netherlands will not leave the Eurozone
Ready to jump into the driver's seat again:
Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte (front). Photo: Shutterstock
By Christopher Dembik
Times are changing, also in the Netherlands. In the 1980s, the three parties usually in power (Christian Democratic Party CDA, Social Democratic Party PvdA, and Conservative Party VVD) obtained about 80% of the vote. According to the latest polls, during the March 15 election they will only get half of that, around 40%. Conversely, Geert Wilders' Party for Freedom (PVV), an anti-immigration and anti-euro platform, is leading in the polls and could get 28 of the parliament's 150 seats (compared with 12 now), while the outgoing prime minister Mark Rutte and his VVD are predicted to get 24 seats – down from 40.
This erosion of the power of the traditionally ruling parties is explained, as in many European countries, by four main factors:
- Secularization. In the mid-1960s, more than 67 per cent of the population said that they belonged to a church against less than 40 per cent nowadays (the decline was particularly pronounced for the Catholic Church and the Protestant Church);
- Erosion of the middle class. This was already perceptible before the global financial crisis (the middle class represents 32% of the total population, as in France, compared with 40% in Denmark according to an ILO study of 2016);
- Inequality. The share of total income held by the richest 1% is now close to its level at the end of the 1930s, at 8% against 6% in Denmark;
- Immigration from Muslim countries causing tensions between citizenship and identity (according to an Ipsos survey published at the end of February, 80% of those questioned are concerned about immigration and 86% fear "a decline in the traditional values of Dutch society ").
Dutch polls must be interpreted with caution. Unlike France, where the vote in favour of the National Front is well-estimated, public opinion surveys in the Netherlands are deemed unreliable, which does not rule out a last-minute surprise. This does not automatically mean a higher-than- expected PVV score. Take a look here for an earlier Tradingfloor-article on the Dutch election.
Leading the polls, but probably not the government:
Geert Wilders and his PVV. Photo: Shutterstock
Indeed, the socio-economic profile of those who will vote will have a decisive influence on electoral behaviour. In the Netherlands, the participation rate of the richest 20% is usually on average 84%, while for the poorest 20% it is around 65%. This differential is higher than the OECD average of 13 percentage points. Lower voter turnout of the most deprived, who are usually more receptive to anti-euro and anti-immigration policies, could lead to a higher share of votes for the establishment and vice versa.
The most likely scenario after March’s election is a kind of Republican Front, as in France, which is an agreement of the large traditional parties to keep the radical right out of power (find here our article on the upcoming French election). That should prevent the PVV from forming a government or being part of a coalition. The latter was formally excluded by the outgoing prime minister after the disastrous 2010-12 experience during which PVV appeared as a demanding and unreliable partner. It is likely that a broad coalition around the three historic political parties, CDA, VVD and PvdA, along with the Christian Union, the Democrat Social Democrats 66 and the reformed SGP political party will be formed in the aftermath of the election.
Dutch Aex (orange) vs German Dax (grey) performance since 2011 (click to enlarge)
No Nexit ahead
Even if the PVV came to power and tried to impose its European agenda, there is no way a “Nexit” could happen. The current legislation simply does not allow for a referendum on the euro. The Consultative Referendum Act (2015) authorises a popular initiative referendum on new laws adopted by parliament, but not on existing treaties. In addition, such initiative would be unlikely to succeed given the massive support of the population for membership in the Eurozone (according to a recent NIPO NSP poll, 78% of respondents wish to remain in the euro area and only 22% want to exit). The only solution would be for parliament to propose a ballot on this issue, but the result of a consultative referendum would not be binding on the government. Moreover, in view of the latest attempts on the subject in 2016, no parliamentary majority appears to be able to carry on this topic.
— Edited by Clemens BomsdorfChristopher Dembik is an economist with Saxo Bank in Paris.