Tariffs and trade war are the key factors afoot in world markets following last week's central bank-driven volatility. Emerging markets find themselves in the crosshairs with economies linked to Chinese exports hardest hit.
Article / 15 July 2016 at 13:30 GMT

WCU: Most commodities up but oil plays yo-yo

Head of Commodity Strategy / Saxo Bank
  • Bloomberg Commodity Index retains its ytd 10% gain
  • Softness creeps in to energy commodities
  • Rallies in oil and natural gas ran out of steam
  • Industrial metals gain on QE hopes and China's recovery
  • Gold trading lower for the first time in seven weeks
  • Cotton surges on weather woes and stocks forecast
  • Inventories of gasoline and diesel remain stubbornly high
 Cotton prices surged as a heatwave blazed over parts of the USA. Photo: iStock

By Ole Hansen

The Bloomberg Commodity Index, which tracks the performance of 20 major commodities split evenly between energy, metals and agriculture, continues to show a gain of more than 10% in the year to date. Some softness, however, has crept in during the past few weeks with some sectors, most notably energy, pausing after rallies in oil and natural gas ran out of steam. 

Industrial metals found support from increased expectations that additional stimulus could be provided by central banks and from signs that China's economy stabilised during the second quarter. Copper led the charge but data showed that the bulk of the rally was largely due to short-covering with traders hesitant about getting aggressively long.

One week sector performance
Heated cotton and strong coffee

Strong gains for coffee and cotton were the main drivers behind the strong performance in the soft sector. Cotton was boosted by the USDA's downgrade of world inventories to a five-year low and was also helped by ongoing weather worries in the US cotton-growing regions. Coffee prices hit a 16-month high on adverse weather-related supply reductions of both Robusta and Arabica beans from key producing regions in Vietnam and South America. Additional support has come from a trucking strike in Columbia which could see July shipments slump by 50%.

Crude oil, which peaked some five weeks ago after almost doubling from the lows at the beginning of the year, traded close to unchanged on the week. In between, however, the market was left yo-yoing with the tug of war between the short-term and long-term outlooks creating some volatility. This is not helped by the fact that we are entering the peak summer holiday season where liquidity often comes at a premium  with dealing desks increasingly being left deserted. 

Precious metals are taking a breather with gold trading lower for the first time in seven weeks. The run up to and the immediate aftermath of the Brexit vote triggered a strong surge in demand for precious metals and some of the drivers behind that move are now fading after some healthy consolidation has taken over. 

One week performances
Oil tug of war keeping it range-bound

Crude oil has been settling into a wide range since hitting a peak on June 9. The rebalancing process which was given additional support from multiple supply disruptions during May has since slowed. Currently, the market is caught in a tug of war between weak short-term and supportive long-term fundamentals. 
The International Energy Agency highlighted these opposing forces in their latest monthly report. While seeing the market balancing they prompted concern that very high oil stocks could pose a threat to the recent stability. On the rising stock of products they said: "Although stocks are close to topping out, they are at such elevated levels, especially for products for which demand growth is slackening, that they remain a major dampener on oil prices.”  

US inventories of gasoline and diesel remain stubbornly high. Similar developments have been seen across the world, especially in Europe and now also in Asia. While importing less crude oil in June, China increased exports of refined petroleum by 10% to the second highest level on record. 

DOE product stock
Demand needs to remain strong in order to reduce the overhang of product stocks. Any negative surprise on demand could trigger a deeper than expected price correction over the coming months.  

However, the long-term fundamentals remain very price supportive as there is no doubt that the investment gap currently building up in the oil industry would worsen should crude remain below $50/barrel for a longer period. The longer it takes to reduce the overhang of supply the bigger the risk of a sharp move higher when that time comes. 

Before reaching a peak at $51.6/barrel on June 9, hedge funds had already been active sellers of WTI (and Brent) crude oil since April. Following the Brexit vote, the reduction gathered pace and during the two weeks up until July 5 the combined net-long of WTI and Brent crude was cut by almost 100,000 lots. The increased short-based has made the market more prone to sharp recovery moves on the assumption that short sellers are much more short-term focused and more risk averse than those holding long positions.

Speculative positioning in Crude oil
Crude oil remains range-bound with the short-term risk skewed to the downside. A break below $44.50 could see WTI targeting support at $42.50 but a return to $40 and below we view as unfounded as weaker prices will be met by demand from longer-term investors. 

WTI crude oil, first month cont.

Source: SaxoTraderGO

A seven-week precious metals rally has come to a halt with gold and silver both correction lower. The fading Brexit risk and a stronger than expected US jobs report for June helped send stocks and bond yields higher. After creating a double top at $1,375/oz these developments, although somewhat offset by a weaker dollar, helped trigger a healthy consolidation in gold following the surge of recent weeks.

Hedge funds are likely to be have been the main sellers just like we saw back in May when a then record long was reduced by one third. During the following five weeks they once again became agressive buyers. The net-long reached 287,000 lots in the week to July 5, some 53,000 lots above the level from where reductions were seen back in May. 

Speculative positioning in COMEX Gold futures

So far the retracement has been relatively shallow with gold having found some initial support at $1,328/oz, the 38.2% retracement of the post Brexit rally. Main support however is somewhat lower towards $1300 a break through which could trigger further weakness to $1275/oz.
Spot gold with retracement levels
Source: SaxoTraderGO
The rapid and continued increase in demand for exchange-traded products backed by gold also came to a halt with total holdings falling by 6 tonnes. This, however, pales against the 132 tonnes increase of the previous four weeks.

ETP holdings and gold
The lack of accelerating profit-taking given the extensive increase of long positions since May is a sign that underlying demand for gold remains strong. A bigger correction than what we have seen so far will be required to shake investors out of their current bullish conviction. 

We are entering the US earnings season and while traders look at equities as the new bonds in terms of chasing yield (dividend), we remain lukewarm on the sustainability of the recent equity rally. On the basis that bond yields will remain depressed for the foreseeable future we see no reason to change our bullish view on gold. Following a period of consolidation we still see gold meeting our target of $1,400/oz.

– Edited by Clare MacCarthy

Ole Hansen is head of commodity strategy at Saxo Bank. His Twitter account was cited by MarketWatch as one that investors should follow in 2016.

John Roberti John Roberti
Dear Ole, Any reason why, suddenly, oil prices are up 1 dollar? So far dollar inside is up, data ion us rather good and stock market idle thus may be you have international information to justify the jump? Or it is the end of the week rebalancing? your opinion would be appreciated
John Roberti John Roberti
sorry for the typo! I mean dollar index is up
asena asena
Hi, Ole, İs there any possiblity today, oil prices goes upto 48 $? or when could come to 48$ -49$? what could be reason is that oil prices comes to 48-49@ ? under which circumstances??


The Saxo Bank Group entities each provide execution-only service and access to permitting a person to view and/or use content available on or via the website is not intended to and does not change or expand on this. Such access and use are at all times subject to (i) The Terms of Use; (ii) Full Disclaimer; (iii) The Risk Warning; (iv) the Rules of Engagement and (v) Notices applying to and/or its content in addition (where relevant) to the terms governing the use of hyperlinks on the website of a member of the Saxo Bank Group by which access to is gained. Such content is therefore provided as no more than information. In particular no advice is intended to be provided or to be relied on as provided nor endorsed by any Saxo Bank Group entity; nor is it to be construed as solicitation or an incentive provided to subscribe for or sell or purchase any financial instrument. All trading or investments you make must be pursuant to your own unprompted and informed self-directed decision. As such no Saxo Bank Group entity will have or be liable for any losses that you may sustain as a result of any investment decision made in reliance on information which is available on or as a result of the use of the Orders given and trades effected are deemed intended to be given or effected for the account of the customer with the Saxo Bank Group entity operating in the jurisdiction in which the customer resides and/or with whom the customer opened and maintains his/her trading account. When trading through your contracting Saxo Bank Group entity will be the counterparty to any trading entered into by you. does not contain (and should not be construed as containing) financial, investment, tax or trading advice or advice of any sort offered, recommended or endorsed by Saxo Bank Group and should not be construed as a record of ourtrading prices, or as an offer, incentive or solicitation for the subscription, sale or purchase in any financial instrument. To the extent that any content is construed as investment research, you must note and accept that the content was not intended to and has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such, would be considered as a marketing communication under relevant laws. Please read our disclaimers:
- Notification on Non-Independent Invetment Research
- Full disclaimer
- 沪ICP备13028953号-1

Check your inbox for a mail from us to fully activate your profile. No mail? Have us re-send your verification mail